Live blogging: Dittrich

ad 2). What is vacuum?

It surely isn’t a simple object. Maybe one of the following?

– lowest-energy state

– invariant under symmetries of the background space-time

– encode the geometry of Minkowski space

– cyclic state which generates the Fock space.

In LQG, we have a kinematical vacuum. (Simple: it’s a box!)

In all seriousness: It’s a peculiar state. In LQG, it’s maximally squeezed state, in the sense that all spatial geometry operators have zero expectation value on it, and zero fluctuations! It’s a state of no spatial geometry. Truly nothing!

As in non-gravitational quantum theory, we can build a highly excited state from the vacuum by applying loads of ‘creation operators’, based on graphs.

The LQG representation of the kinematical observable algebra is unique! I.e., it is

– cyclic

– irreducible, and it

– carries a representation of spatial diffeos.


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