Huggett moves on to introducing the technical ideas and apparatus, beginning with a classical example. Simple string in an n-dim relativistic spacetime. Introduces the notion of a string worldsheet and its internal coordinates. The action (Nambu-Goto action) giving the law for this string will be one that minimizes the relativistic area. A special metric h is introduced on the 2-d worldsheet of the string, which is not connected to the full spacetime metric g, and should not have physical import in the end.